All young people in the world have the right to independence, security, and education. The first step towards independence is related to residence, but an employed young individual in Slovenia is not allowed to rent or buy a decent home, as the housing policy of young people is poorly regulated. Usually, young people encounter housing problems during their studies, as there is a lack of places in student dormitories. According to the estimates of the Student Organization of Slovenia, in 2019 there are only 13% of all students’ dormitories in student dormitories. Most students are thus forced to study outside their place of residence, and at least one-third of students are forced to seek accommodation on the market, thereby violating their right to education. The number of enrolled foreign and exchange students is also increasing. Thus, in addition to domestic students, foreign students in Slovenia also face housing problems. The project partner has also identified this problem in the local environment, or in his work, as they face budget constraints to address housing problems, such as the inability to build new dormitories, and the inability to regulate and restrict the letting of apartments through online platforms (Airbnb). Therefore, our project Selected Aspects of Youth Housing Focuses on such issues in the local environment, since the NGO, together with the higher education organization and students, wants to solve the problem related to the identification (analysis) of youth housing problems and on the basis of Analyze proposals to address the housing problem of young people, especially domestic and foreign students. The objectives of the project are related to 1) conducting research aimed at identifying the situation in the area of housing for young people and 2) making recommendations that will allow the partner to offer assistance to clients in the local environment in the area of the project.
Every year, when enrolling students at higher education institutions, it can be noticed that young people in the local area are facing housing problems, especially (1) home students who are forced to finance most of their living expenses or are dependent on their parents and (2) foreign students because they do not have beds provided in the dormitories, as the home students have priority in the dormitories. For the 2019/2020 academic year, the project partner attempted to address the problem of home students by reducing the capacity of foreign students’ beds and inviting more subsidies to stay with private individuals, of which 420 were provided for new generation students. However, it can be observed that the generation of students who enrolled in the 2019 academic year is currently at least numerical. After 2023, however, the number of native students will start to increase markedly. The number of enrolled foreign students and foreign students enrolled in the exchange is also expected to increase in the coming years in Slovenia. Thus, in the local environment, we can expect that the number of domestic and foreign students will only increase. The partner of the project also faces such problems through its operations, adding that the needs for accommodation capacities will remain or will continue to increase in the future, and the state will have to pay special care and selection of suitable accommodation capacities. Based on this and based on the presented problems, we decided to conduct research in the field of identifying housing problems of young people in the local environment, with the aim of identifying different aspects of all stakeholders (domestic students, foreign students, dormitories, universities, government representatives, etc.) housing issues for young people, thus increasing the sense of security and equality for education among young people. We want to upgrade the latter and answer the problem of the project and give the project partner various solutions that he could implement, thus partially eliminating the problem of youth placement.